Nikon Flash Guide, First Edition (printed)
Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Basics
  How Does a Flash Work?
  Flash Exposure
    What’s the Inverse Square Law?
    Guide Numbers
  Batteries
Nikon Terminology
  Terminology
    How Does a Speedlight Flash Work?
    Nikon TTL Results Vary with Film (Myth or Fact?)
Flash Techniques
  Fill Flash
  Auto Flash Mode (A)
  Manual Flash Mode (M)
  Slow Sync
    Slow Sync with Newer Nikon Bodies
    Slow Sync with Older Nikon Bodies
    Slow Sync versus Rear Sync
    Tricks Using Slow Sync
    Trails (Subject Moves)
    Soft Edges (Subject or Camera Moves)
    Zooming During Slow Sync
    Panning During Slow Sync
  Red Eye Reduction
  Bounce Flash
  Flash Color
  Flash Compensation
    Performing Flash Compensation
    Using Flash Meters With Speedlights
  Built-in Camera Flashes
  Zoom Heads
  Wide Angle Adapters
  Macro Flash
    Macro Photography With Regular Speedlights
  Off-Camera Flash Use
  Using Multiple Speedlights
    Using Additional Slave Flashes
    Key and Fill Ratios
    Using an SU-4 to Provide Fill Lighting
    Using an SU-4 to Light Backgrounds
    Using an SU-4 For Primary Lighting
    Additional SU-4 Notes
  Recommendations
Speedlight Information and Instructions
  Summary of Speedlight Capabilities
  SB-1
    Specifications
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    SB-1 Notes
  SB-2/SB-3
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    SB-2/SB-3 Notes
  SB-4
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    SB-4 Notes
  SB-5
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    SB-5 Notes
  SB-6
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    SB-6 Notes
  SB-7E/SB-8E
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    SB-7E/SB-8E Notes
  SB-9
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    SB-9 Notes
  SB-E
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    SB-E Notes
  SB-10
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
  SB-11
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (non-F3)
    To Set Automatic TTL Flash Exposure (F3 only)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure
    To Use the SB-11 to Trigger Slaves
    SB-11 Notes
  SB-12
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (F3 only)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (F3 only)
    SB-12 Notes
  SB-14
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (non-F3)
    To Set Automatic TTL Flash Exposure (F3 only)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (F3 only)
    To Use the SB-14 to Trigger Slaves
    Using the SB-14 on Bulb
  SB-15
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Four-Frame Motor Drive Flash
  SB-16A/SB-16B
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Eight-Frame Motor Drive Flash
  SB-17
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (F3)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Four-Frame Motor Drive Flash
    SB-17 Notes
  SB-18
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
  SB-19
    Specifications
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
  SB-20
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    SB-20 Notes
  SB-21A/SB-21B
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    Using the Focus Illuminator
    Using Multiple Flash Units
    Apertures at Minimum Working Distances
    Apertures at Minimum Working Distances (Lens Reversed)
    SB-21A/SB-21B Notes
  SB-22
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Motor Drive Mode
    SB-22 Notes
  SB-22s
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Motor Drive Mode
    SB-22s Notes
  SB-23
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    SB-23 Notes
  SB-24
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Aperture or Shutter Priority Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Repeating Flash (all Nikon bodies)
    To Manually Set the Zoom Head
    To Set Flash Exposure Compensation
    SB-24 Notes
  SB-25
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Aperture or Shutter Priority Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Repeating Flash (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set FP High-Speed Flash (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    To Manually Set the Zoom Head
    To Set Flash Exposure Compensation
    To Set Red-Eye Reduction (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    SB-25 Notes
  SB-26
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Aperture or Shutter Priority Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Repeating Flash (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set FP High-Speed Flash (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    To Manually Set the Zoom Head
    To Set Flash Exposure Compensation
    To Set Red-Eye Reduction (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    SB-26 Notes
  SB-27
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Manually Set the Zoom Head
    To Set Flash Exposure Compensation
    To Set Red-Eye Reduction (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    SB-27 Notes
  SB-28/28DX
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Programmed TTL Flash Exposure (F501/N2020, F401s/N4004s, F301/N2000)
    To Set Automatic Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set Repeating Flash (all Nikon bodies)
    To Set FP High-Speed Flash (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    To Manually Set the Zoom Head
    To Set the Distance Scale to Feet or Meters
    To Set Flash Exposure Compensation
    To Set Red-Eye Reduction (F90/N90 or newer bodies)
    SB-28/SB-28DX Notes
  SB-29
    Specifications
    To Set TTL Flash Exposure (TTL-capable bodies)
    To Set Manual Flash Exposure (all Nikon bodies)
    Using the Focus Illuminator
    Using Multiple Flash Units
    Apertures at Minimum Working Distances
    Apertures at Minimum Working Distances (Lens Reversed)
    SB-29 Notes
  Camera Specific Flash Use
    Nikon Cameras and Speedlight Compatibility
    TTL Capability
    Capabilities of All Nikon Bodies
    FM2
    F60/N60
    F65/N65
    F70/N70
    F90X/N90s
    F80/N80
    F100
    F3
    F4
    F5
    Dealing With Viewfinder Information
Nikon Speedlight Accessories
  Couplers
  Cables
  Other Accessories
  Wide Angle Adapters
  Battery Holders/External Power
Question and Answers
Troubleshooting
Calculations
About the Author

[back to Nikon Flash Guide]


bythom.com | Nikon | Gadgets | Writing | imho | Travel | Privacy statement | 2001 Thom Hogan. All rights reserved.